Broadly, we tend to be trained in critical thinking. In educational institutions, at work and even at home we train what may be called our CriticalMind. We train people to reason in a disembodied way as though our minds were symbol manipulators like computers, unconnected with the remainder of our bodies and our physical, social and cultural environment. We train them to break problems down into parts, to put these parts into rigid categories with shared properties and to manipulate symbols representing these categories. We train them to hypothesise using these rigid categories ( thereby excluding all other possibilities) and look for a grain of the “truth” about these categories that is imagined to be "out there" in the “real” world and to justify that "truth" with propositions expressed in words or mathematical symbols joined together in accordance with the rules of logic. We train them to think in a straight line towards a conclusion. We train them as though the way we justify our thoughts - in logical statements - is the way we think. In short, we train people to think “inside the box”. We dehumanise reasoning.
Our hierarchical and bureaucratic organizations reflect this type of thinking.
To reinvent management we will need to change the way we all are taught to think.
We could start by educating all in science-based Integrative Thinking and Integrative Governance and Integrative Improvement which arose from applying Integrative Thinking to the problems we now face in organizations and more generally.